On a hilltop in Elbert County, Georgia, approximately 90 miles east of Atlanta and 45 miles from Athens, is a monument constructed from six large granite blocks. Five slabs are at the corners and centre of a square defined by the capstone on top. A message is inscribed on the structure in eight modern languages, and a shorter message is inscribed at the top of the structure in four ancient languages’ scripts: Babylonian, Classical Greek, Sanskrit, and Egyptian hieroglyphs.
The set of ten guidelines or principles is engraved on the Georgia Guidestones in eight different languages, one language on each face of the four outer upright stones. Moving clockwise around the structure from due north, these languages are: English, Spanish, Swahili, Hindi, Hebrew, Arabic, Chinese, and Russian.
1. Maintain humanity under 500,000,000 in perpetual balance with nature.
2. Guide reproduction wisely – improving fitness and diversity.
3. Unite humanity with a living new language.
4. Rule passion – faith – tradition – and all things with tempered reason.
5. Protect people and nations with fair laws and just courts.
6. Let all nations rule internally resolving external disputes in a world court.
7. Avoid petty laws and useless officials.
8. Balance personal rights with social duties.
9. Prize truth – beauty – love – seeking harmony with the infinite.
10. Be not a cancer on the earth – Leave room for nature – Leave room for nature.
The four outer stones are oriented based on the Sun’s yearly migration. The center column features a hole through which the North Star can be seen regardless of time, as well as a slot that is aligned with the Sun’s solstices and equinoxes. An aperture in the capstone allows a ray of sun to pass through at noon each day, shining a beam on the center stone indicating the day of the year.
A separate stone laid in the ground near the monument gives some information about it, including “Author: R.C. Christian (a pseudonyn) [sic]” and “Sponsors: A small group of Americans who seek the Age of Reason“.
The stones have become a subject of interest for conspiracy theorists. One conservative activist demanded that the Guidestones “be smashed into a million pieces, and then the rubble used for a construction project”, claiming that the Guidestones are of “a deep Satanic origin,” and that R. C. Christian belongs to “a Luciferian secret society” related to the New World Order. At the unveiling of the monument, a local minister proclaimed that he believed the monument was “for sun worshipers, for cult worship and for devil worship”.