The last curator of the great classical library of Alexandria, she was renowned for her intelligence, learning and beauty. She was horrifically tortured and murdered by a Christian mob in the year 422.
Pioneer biochemist. Crick and Watson used her data and X-ray images of DNA, without permission or attribution, to work out the structure of the DNA “double helix”. They were awarded a Nobel Prize for their work.
A Phoenician princess who married Ahab, King of Israel, and after his death effectively ruled the country. Jezebel was in conflict with Jewish extremists who engineered her death at the hands of a mob. When she realised the end was inevitable, Jezebel put on on best clothes, jewellery and make-up and bravely went to face her death.
A distinguished physicist, and in 1926, the first ever female Professor of Physics at a European University. Using data from her chemist collaborator, Otto Hahn, she developed the first theoretical description of nuclear fission. Hahn was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1944 for his work.
The most significant female artist of the Seventeenth Century, Artemisia had a long and distinguished career, including work at the royal courts of Naples and England (Charles I). She was the first female painter to become a member of the Accademia in Florence.
Astrophysicist Bell discovered pulsars while a graduate student at Cambridge. The description of the discovery was published in collaboration with her PhD supervisor Antony Hewish, who received a Nobel Prize for the work.
Katherine (Kate) McAlpine soared to international stardom when she released the ‘Large Hadron Rap’ in 2008 to explain the purpose and working of the Large Hadron Collider at CERN.
A sufferer of profound autism, she has overcome the effects of her “disability” by sheer rational effort and has become a University Professor and world-renowned expert on both the welfare of animals, and the treatment of humans with autism or Aspberger’s.
Director of the human rights campaign group Liberty, Chakrabarti has worked tirelessly to protect civil rights in the face of repressive measures justified by “national security”. She often makes paternalistic politicians look stupid.
Physicist and pioneer of the study of radioactive materials, Curie was the first to work on the chemical isolation and understanding of radioactive materials. Through some sort of bizarre oversight, she was awarded a share (with her husband and their Professor) of the 1903 Nobel Prize for physics. Then, amazingly, in 1911, she was awarded the Nobel Prize for chemistry in her own right.